Sinusitis is an inflammatory condition that causes the sinuses to become clogged and filled with fluid, allowing germs to grow and cause an infection. Sinuses are hollow spaces within the skull and facial bones, responsible for producing mucus to keep the nose moist and protect it against dust, pollutants and allergens. Healthy sinuses are filled with air, but due to cold or allergies, they get filled with fluid too. The fluid allows bacteria, virus or fungus to grow and form infection that can cause:
• Acute bacterial sinusitis: Refers to the infection of both nasal cavity and sinuses that can cause symptoms like facial pain and fever.
• Chronic sinusitis: Refers to the swelling of sinus linings and/or abnormal growths in the sinuses, which are also called nasal polyps.
Sinusitis is caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungus that can inflame or block the sinuses. Here are some prevalent causes of this inflammatory condition:
• Nasal and seasonal allergies
• Polyps or abnormal growths
• A deviated septum
• A weak immune system
In addition to them, there are several factors that can elevate the risk of developing inflamed sinuses; for example, smoking, frizzy drinks, as well as drinking, eating or feeding a baby while lying etc.
Sinusitis appears with symptoms that are often presumed similar to those of colds or seasonal allergies. These can include:
• Nasal discharge
• Stuffy nose
• Mucus sliding down the throat
• Facial pressure (especially around the nose, eyes, and forehead)
• Tooth or ear pain
• High temperature
• Difficulty in breathing
If you have been struggling with the above symptoms, it’s time to evaluate yourself for sinusitis by visiting an ENT Specialist. In case sinusitis is diagnosed, the appropriate treatment will help you alleviate your symptoms and prevent from developing further complications.
A sinus infection (sinusitis) is usually diagnosed by the evaluation of symptoms and a physical examination. For more precision diagnosis, your physician may recommend X-rays or a CT scan.
Following the diagnosis, your doctor will determine the most effective treatment plan, which can include:
• Decongestant sprays
• Oral medication to treat cold and allergy
• Antibiotics to treat infections
• Nasal irrigation with saline solution
• And home remedies like increase the consumption of fluids, especially water.
At American Hospital, our healthcare professionals, including ENT Specialists and Physicians, enjoy an exceptional reputation for their services and patient care in a safe and comfortable environment. If you or your loved one experiences the symptoms of sinusitis, we advise you to evaluate them for the inflammatory condition and seek appropriate treatment for immediate relief. You can schedule your appointment with our ENT Specialists by filling out our online booking form below.