Hypertension In Children

Hypertension In Children

Hypertension in Children

Children can experience hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, just like adults. It is important for parents to be aware of this condition because early detection and management are crucial for their child's well-being.

What is Hypertension in Children?

Hypertension in children occurs when their blood pressure is higher than the normal range for their age, sex, and height. Blood pressure is the force that blood exerts on the walls of arteries as the heart pumps it. If left untreated, high blood pressure can strain the heart and blood vessels, leading to serious health complications.

Causes and Risk Factors:

  • There are two types of hypertension in children: primary, which has no clear cause, and secondary, which is a result of other health issues.
  • Factors that contribute to hypertension in children can include an unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight.
  • It can also be associated with underlying kidney, heart, hormonal problems, or certain medications.

Signs and Symptoms:

Hypertension in children may not always display obvious signs, emphasizing the importance of regular blood pressure checks, particularly for those with risk factors. Some children with significantly high blood pressure may experience symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, nosebleeds, or shortness of breath.


To diagnose hypertension in children, physicians measure their blood pressure using an appropriate cuff size. These readings are then compared to normal values for children of the same age, sex, and height. If consistently high blood pressure is identified, further tests are conducted to determine the underlying cause. In certain cases, a special 24-hour blood pressure monitor may be utilized for diagnosis.

Treatment and Management:

The management of hypertension in children involves addressing the underlying cause whenever possible and implementing lifestyle changes to reduce blood pressure. Doctors may suggest the following measures:

  • Adopting a well-balanced diet that includes less salt and more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Engaging in regular physical activity to promote overall health and support heart function.
  • Medication may be prescribed if lifestyle changes alone are not sufficient.


Parents have a crucial role in preventing hypertension in children by promoting a healthy lifestyle from an early age, which includes:

  • Providing nutritious and wholesome food.
  • Limiting the consumption of processed foods that are high in salt and sugar.
  • Encouraging regular physical activity and minimizing sedentary behavior.
  • Ensuring regular check-ups, including blood pressure monitoring.

It is crucial to acknowledge the serious impact that hypertension can have on children's health. Parents play a vital role in preventing this condition by encouraging healthy habits and ensuring regular check-ups. If there are any concerns regarding a child's blood pressure, seeking guidance from a healthcare professional is essential.

At American Hospital Dubai, our pediatric hypertension specialists are highly skilled and can provide the necessary evaluation and care. To schedule a consultation with one of our doctors, please contact us at 80024392. We are committed to being your reliable partner in achieving optimal health.

Authored by:
Abdullah Essa Alabbas

Abdullah Essa Alabbas

Consultant Pediatrician and Pediatric Nephrologist

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