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Stomach cancer can be cured with effective treatment options. In fact, it can completely be eliminated when detected in its early stages using a multidisciplinary approach where a coordinated team of specialists can design a comprehensive and personalized treatment plan in accordance with the varying needs of stomach cancer patients.

Stomach cancer, also called gastric cancer, affects the stomach – an organ that lies just below the ribs and at the top of the abdomen. Being a part of the body’s digestive system, the stomach releases acids and enzymes that help break down food before it enters the small intestine. If abnormal growth develops in any part of the stomach, it leads to stomach cancer which may extend into the esophagus and small intestine if it is not detected and treated promptly.

Stomach cancer symptoms may range from abdominal discomfort to bloody stools. Contact the doctor immediately if you experience the following symptoms: 

  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Bloating, heartburn, and indigestion
  • Difficult swallowing
  • A sudden decrease in hunger and weight
  • Bloody or dark stools
  • Constant fatigue, and muscle aches

Types of Stomach Cancer:

There are several types of stomach cancer known today as proximal stomach cancer, in which the beginning of the stomach gets affected, and it may spread up towards the gastroesophageal junction. It is medically recognized that obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease place individuals at a high risk for this particular type of cancer.

 

The other type affects the remaining parts of the stomach and is called non-cardia stomach cancer which occurs due to prolonged periods of inflammation and irritation in the digestive organ. Commonly associated with chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria.

 

In some cases, stomach cancer may have a genetic cause and grows within the stomach wall without developing any tumor. We recognize that type as diffuse stomach cancer.

 

Then there are gastrointestinal stromal tumors, often called by its abbreviations GISTs. It occurs when the connective tissues inside the stomach wall start to grow inadequately. If immune cells of the stomach start multiplying beyond control, it may lead to lymphoma, while carcinoid tumor cancer is developed when hormone-producing cells of the stomach start to dysfunction.

Causes of Stomach Cancer

Two-third of the people diagnosed with stomach cancer are over age 65; thus it can safely be stated that older people are more likely to get affected by it. In addition to the age factor, the followings are the known stomach cancer causes:

  • Persistent stomach inflammation
  • A continuous diet rich in salted or pickled foods
  • Cigarette smoking habits
  • A family history of stomach cancer
  • Infection with bacteria called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)
  • Obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease

While better diet and the use of antibiotics have been significantly effective for the treatment of non-cardia stomach cancer cases, cardia stomach cancer requires advanced procedures and surgical treatments.

Stomach Cancer Treatment Options

A comprehensive strategy is required for the treatment of stomach and intestinal cancer; as an effective treatment ensures longer survival and better quality of life. Patients who are diagnosed with early stages of stomach cancer are likely to receive a non-surgical, minimally invasive procedure, either Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR) or Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection (ESD) for complete removal of cancerous tissues (tumors) from the stomach, so that the spread of cancer to others areas of the body could be prevented.

On the other hand, if stomach cancer reaches the advanced stages, the patient will receive a combination of treatments including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy based on the characteristics of their disease.

If you’re diagnosed with stomach cancer, book an appointment using the online form for the personalized effective stomach cancer treatment Dubai options from the reputable specialists at American Hospital.

فريق من الأطباء

علي الدعمي

استشاري الجراحة العامة والأورام والصدر

عربي, الإنجليزية

ديما أ. عبد الجبار

استشارية طب الأورام

عربي, الإنجليزية

فراز إيه خان

استشاري طب أمراض الدم والأورام

الإنجليزية, أوردو

مارون الخوري

استشاري أورام، اختصاصي أمراض دم، طب باطني

عربي, الإنجليزية, الفرنسية

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