A migraine is a type of headache or neurological condition that leads to a severe throbbing sensation, mostly on one side of the head. Sometimes it can occur on both sides.
Migraine headaches, which feel like someone is pounding away inside your head, are called ‘attacks’ due to their severity. The headache can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, and exposure to light and sound or physical activity can worsen a migraine.
Many migraine sufferers experience a warning sign, called an aura, before the onset of the headache in the form of visual disturbances, like light flashes, blind spots, seeing shapes, tingling or numbness in the face, arm or leg, and difficulty with speech.
Migraines can occur several times a month or occasionally, affecting children or adults, and each episode can last for a few hours or more than a day.
The predominant symptom of a migraine is a severe, throbbing headache, typically on one side of the head.
The migraine headache can be accompanied with:
Although the exact cause of a migraine is not established, it is believed to occur due to temporary chemical changes in the brain’s nerves and blood vessels.
Migraine attacks are also associated with triggers which include:
Migraines may advance through four stages: Prodrome, Aura, Attack or headache, and Post-drome. However, not everyone will experience the various stages.
There are several treatment options for migraines that, include the following:
Additionally, the following may also be recommended:
In migraine episodes that require further investigation, our specialists may undertake additional tests such as MRI or CT scan to detect underlying causes, if any.
If you are getting severe headaches with the symptoms described above, if your headaches persist for more than a few hours and leave you drained and disoriented, affecting your quality of life, if you are experiencing sudden changes in the intensity and duration of headaches, make an appointment with a neurologist.
American Hospital Dubai’s Neurology Department has the most advanced treatments for headaches and migraine.
Our highly experienced migraine doctors diagnose and treat all types of headaches using the latest and most advanced methods. Our treatments offer speedy and effective relief for migraine through correct medication and lifestyle change recommendations based on symptoms and your medical and family health history.
Our multi-disciplinary and integrative treatment approach includes physical therapy, nutrition advice and counselling to ensure you get the most accurate, efficient, and personalized migraine diagnosis, treatment, and care under one roof.