PLA2R Membranous Nephropathy Treatment By American Hospital Dubai

PLA2R Membranous Nephropathy Treatment By American Hospital Dubai

Case history: How did the journey begin? 

TD, a 60-year-old female, developed swelling or edema caused by fluid retention (most commonly in the legs and feet), had high blood pressure and was outputting protein in the urine. In 2020, she had a kidney biopsy which revealed a common autoimmune condition called Membranous Nephropathy (MN). This condition is caused due to the thickening of kidneys’ filtering membranes that help sieve waste and extra fluid from the blood. The swelling or thickening of these membranes impairs their functioning. 

Initial Assessment and Accurate Diagnosis 

When a patient presents with protein in urine and swelling in the body’s extremities, tests to check for Membranous Nephropathy usually involve a kidney biopsy. Our Nephrology Department correctly diagnosed TD’s condition as MN.  

Achieving the Treatment Breakthrough 

TD was placed on autoimmune treatment, which controlled her proteinuria (presence of protein in the urine) but caused several side effects, including reduced kidney function. Our nephrology team stepped in and conducted further investigations, which showed she was in remission, as revealed by her blood serum markers of PLA2R.  

What is PLA2R? 

Each kidney filtering unit, called glomerulus, comprises three layers: endothelial cells, podocytes (type of cells), and the Glomerular basement membrane (GBM). The podocytes have a protein called phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R). In MN, the immune system’s antibodies attack the podocytes, damaging them, and as a result, these cells, instead of holding on to their protein PLA2R, let it leak into the bloodstream, ending up in the urine. This is why TD’s urine was outputting protein. 

As TD’s PLA2R markers improved, we decided to wean her off the immunosuppressive therapy to avoid further side effects. Our progressive and patient-centric care philosophy drove this decision and is the foundation of American Hospital Dubai’s excellence in medical care.  

It was a critical juncture incident as it changed the course of TD’s treatment for the better and points to the timely interventionist expertise of our nephrology team. 

How We Ensure a Positive Care Outcome 

TD was slowly tapered off the medications, and they were completely stopped in 2021. Her kidney function and protein levels in her blood stabilized, and overall, she felt much better.  

She is still under surveillance, and we ensure her disease stays in remission. 

Even though the immunosuppression treatment was necessary, she suffered due to its side effects, and our calculated decision to take her off medications safely boosted her overall health. We achieved this positive outcome by bringing a penetrative and encompassing clinical evaluation based on the PLA2R marker. Incorporating this new marker into clinical decision-making is the trend in treating Membranous Nephropathy, and we are proud to say we ensured it was done most productively. 


Membranous Nephropathy (MN) is still evolving to present newer solutions for treatment and management, and it is essential to keep abreast of them. American Hospital Dubai’s nephrology team ensures the highest degree of diagnostic accuracy, informed decision-making, and clinical evaluation to determine the best treatment pathways to ensure the patient’s health and progression. 

حررت بواسطة:
محمد نور الحسيني

محمد نور الحسيني

مديرقسم امراض الكلى / أخصائي ارتفاع ضغط الدم

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