The Sleep Medicine is a young and growing clinical discipline of the world’s medical community. There are approximately about 150 different sleep/wake disorders that are commonly known in the world. A sleep disorders can lead to various and significant health problems that may be potentially dangerous or fatal to the patient. It also reduces the quality of life of a patient having the associated sleep disorder.
The Sleep Related Disorder (SRD) studies has become the integral part of a routine patient screening for history and physical assessment especially on patients suspected for sleep disorders. The incidence of sleep related disorders are increasing with estimated from 5% to 25% positive SRD in the male population and slightly lower with the female population.
There are daily clinical signs and symptoms that highlights the significance for investigation of sleep related disorders such as;
- A person who snores very loudly that he/she disturbs the sleep of others that may be around him/her,
- A person who stops breathing frequently rouses during the night,
- A person who falls asleep while driving, which can potentially be fatal if an accident happens,
- The person who has difficulty sleeping night after night and loses the hope that a good sleep will be normal again,
- An infant who stops breathing have to be rushed to the emergency room or
- A person who had difficulty staying awake in school, at work or social events.
There are also other clinical conditions that may lead to a serious and devastating effect of the patient’s lives. The patients diagnosed with heart diseases such HYPERTENSION (high blood pressure), HEART FAILURE, STROKES and sexual dysfunction can all be linked to sleep disorders. Other worldwide studies, it reports that patients with sleep disorders are 23 times more likely to suffer from Myocardial Infarction (heart attack) or stroke. It also suggests that each year, more than 38,000 cardiovascular deaths (heart related problems) that are attributed to sleep apneas or other type of sleep disorders.
In addition, other clinical studies for patients with Type 2 Diabetes (poor blood sugar control), shows higher hemoglobin A1C levels (indicator for blood sugar control) are associated to a poor and inadequate sleep quality and quantity.
- The study will be performed in the hospital Sleep Laboratory with the comprehensive sleep monitoring system required to monitor and capture all the sleep events during the sleep study.
- A qualified & experienced PSG Technologist will be required to attend and monitor the patient during the entire duration of the sleep study.
- SLEEP SCREENING
- The study will be performed at home using a simplified Sleep Monitoring Device attached to the body with oro-nasal prongs, chest and abdominal belts and pulse oximeter probe.
- The PSG Technologist or the Respiratory Therapist will provide the detailed instructions on the application, operation and maintenance of the monitoring device.