PEDIATRIC ENDOCRINOLOGY – Diabetic treatment for Kids
Pediatric endocrinology is a medical sub-specialty that deals with disorders of the endocrine glands, such as variations of the physical growth and sexual development of a child, diabetes, and other hormonal conditions.
Hormones play a major role in how we develop and grow, regulate sugar, metabolize food and perform other habitual bodily functions. The endocrine system, which includes the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal gland and pancreas, uses these hormones to correspond with the body. Inconsistencies in the glands and hormonal production and release can cause irregularities in the body that can lead to endocrinology condition.
The American Hospital Dubai’s Pediatric Endocrinology department is one of the best in the region, offering the highest level of service in endocrinology and diabetic treatments in Dubai and the region.
The Glands of the Endocrine System
The network of glands produces and releases hormones that affect some of our body’s main functions, such as our ability to transform calories into energy to power our cells and organs.
The glands release hormones into our bloodstream, hormones that travel through our blood to other cells and help control and maintain our bodily functions. Our endocrine system also influences vital functions such as our heartbeats, our bone and tissue growth and our body’s fertility.
This, in turn, can prevent or encourage our body to develop conditions such as diabetes, thyroid disease, growth disorders, sexual dysfunction and calcium shortage, among a multitude of other severe hormonal disorders.
Our endocrinal glands include:
- Adrenal glands
- Islet cells in the pancreas
- Pineal gland
- Pituitary gland
The slightest malfunction in any of these glands or their functions can throw our hormonal system off balance and lead to endocrinal disorders such as Diabetes.
Pediatric Endocrine Disorder Causes
Typically, endocrine disorders are the result of one of two things: a malfunction in one of the glands that causes an excess or a shortage of any hormone, which can in turn result in a hormonal imbalance. Or the development of an outside growth or tumor that might affect the body’s hormone level and gland functions.
Our body is programmed to adapt and fight all sorts of imbalances and diseases, so the endocrine’s feedback system usually controls the level of hormones in our bloodstream. However, it is when our body is unable to correct or balance our hormonal levels that disorders start to occur.
This can be caused by several reasons like outside diseases and conditions, problems in the endocrine system, gland malfunction and hormone shortage or excess, genetic disorders and transmitted diseases, infections in our system, physical injuries either directly or indirectly to a gland, or the existence of a tumor on one of the glands.
Pediatric Endocrine Disorder Types
At the American Hospital Dubai, our most common type of endocrine disorder is Diabetes, specifically Type 1, which is where half of our Pediatric Endocrinology resources go. However, endocrine diseases are in no way limited to that disorder. Examples of other endocrine disorders include:
Growth Disorders – These types of disorders have a direct effect on a child’s body growth and can include stunted or excessive growth, atrophies and gigantism. The pituitary gland, which produces the hormones directly responsible for body growth, can sometimes release and excessive amounts of hormone which can lead the child’s body to grow at an abnormal rate. In contrast, if the gland releases lower hormone levels than the norm, the child’s growth can be severely stunted.
Intersex Disorders – Often resulting in sexual ambiguity, intersex disorders can cause malfunctions in the development of a child’s sexual and gender hormones.
Hypoglycemia – This type of disorder occurs when blood glucose level becomes so low that the person is too weak to attend to their own needs.
Diabetes – This disorder impacts the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin, resulting in an abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood and urine.
Adrenal Insufficiency – The shortage of cortisol release by the adrenal gland can result in the body’s deterioration and lead to fatigue, nausea, indigestion, dehydration and skin mutation, among other symptoms.
Hyperthyroidism – When the thyroid gland suffers from excess hormone release, it can lead to severe weight loss, arrhythmia, profuse sweating and anxiety.
Hypothyroidism – If, on the contrary, the thyroid gland produces very low levels of the thyroid hormone, it can lead to fatigue, constipation, dry skin and depression.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – Also known as PCOS, it is caused by the excessive production of androgens that in turn interfere with the development of eggs and their subsequent release in female ovaries, which in turn can cause severe cases of infertility.
Precocious Puberty – In some cases, glands can interfere with the normal development of puberty and result in a premature release of hormones in the body.
Testing for Endocrine Disease
Our Pediatric Endocrinology Center at the American Hospital Dubai performs regular tests and checkups on individuals under the age of 18, in order to make sure our patients’ bodies are developing in a healthy manner.
Blood and urine samples will often be requested to check the patient’s hormone level in order to determine whether or not they suffer from any endocrinal conditions.
When test results prove incorrect or inconclusive, patients will be referred to our specialists who can perform further imaging tests to accurately determine the cause, or in cases where the anomaly is clear, develop a treatment plan to heal the disorder.
Our diabetes treatment team and general pediatric endocrinology specialists will take every precaution to ensure every treatment maintains the hormonal balance, performing routine follow-up blood work and tests to judge the plan’s success and adjust medication levels and treatment options when needed.
Endocrine Disorders Treatment Plans
The Pediatric Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes service at American Hospital Dubai accepts referrals for the evaluation and treatment of children from infants to young adults with any condition that falls within the broad areas of endocrinology and metabolism. Our treatment specialists will administer medical plans and procedures to help cure the following endocrine anomalies:
- Abnormal growth
- Abnormal Hypothalamic and Pituitary Function
- Adrenal and Gonadal Disorders
- Calcium Disorders
- Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
- Diabetes Insipidus
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Comprehensive Diabetes Care
- Insulin Pump Therapy
- Continuous Glucose Monitoring (GCM)
- Diseases and Deficiencies of the Thyroid
- Precocious Puberty
- Psychosocial Dwarfism
- Sexual Ambiguity